Introduction - (OSL-Trevor)


The Apache tribe lived near the dessert in Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico. Their tribe name [Apache] means Enemy. The language the Apache tribes spoke was the Western and Eastern Apache language. These languages are very similar. One Apache could not speak both languages. Apache languages are not spoken much, but the languages still exists in Southwest America.
Apache tribes have a chief for a government. The Eastern Apache tribes were driven from their land area when [after 1720] they suffered defeat against the advancing Comanche tribe. In 1982 the Apache’s won a major Supreme Court test for their right to tax resources extracting from the Apache’s land.
This is Apache fort.
This is Apache fort.




Habitat/Homes - (OSL-Trevor)


Apaches mostly lived in deserts in Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Mexico. Their climate was always hot because they live in the desert. Their house barely fits one family and the house is stationary.

Most Apache family’s lived in wickiups. Wickiups are simply wooden frames, covered by a matting of brush, sometimes covered by a buffalo-hard tarp. [buffalo skin] A wickiup looks like a type of tent. There house also looked like a U ,made out of wood covered with animal skins.

This
This is a Wickiup.
This is a Wickiup.







Dress - (SLL-EvanL)


Apache clothes are plains,war shirts,indain costumes ,moscanes,breechclothes,buckskin. They also used buckskin for
there homes.


Food -(SLL-JakobB)


The Apache were not farmers like their cousins the Navajo. They are strict hunters. Men hunted antelopes, deer, buffalo, and small game. The women gathered nuts, seeds and fruit from the environment. They ate corn quite often even though they weren’t farmers. They traded with the Spaniards and pueblos. Meat was a major part of the Apaches diet. During the ice age the Apache ate mammoths. They tended and branded cattle. The Apache also caught rats and ate them raw. Yuck!! The Apache also gathered foods such as roots, fruit from cacti, and wild potatoes. The Apache loved beans. They were also fans of acorn stew. To store their food the Apache smoked it and hung it in a room, and locked the door so bugs could not get in. They did not eat fish even though it was plentiful. The Apache loved the pinoin nut.
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Pinoin nut
Pinoin nut









The women did all the cooking. Some examples of the cooking are Apache indian bread and Apache fried rabbit.

APACHE INDIAN BREAD

3 c. flour
1 tsp. salt
1 tsp. baking powderMix these ingredients, add water settle at time until it becomes doughy, if it becomes sticky add more flour. Roll to 1/4 inch thick with rolling pin. Fry in skillet with melted lard 1/4 inch deep until golden brown. Top with honey.
APACHE BREAD

1 c. all-purpose flour
1 tbsp. baking powder
1/2 tsp. salt
Scant of milkSift and mix flour, baking powder, and salt in a bowl. Add enough milk to make the dough soft and pliable. Place dough on a floured surface. Knead a few times. Roll with rolling pin and cut into squares or rounds as in biscuits. Fry in hot oil about an inch deep (maybe 2 inches deep) until brown on both sides. Take from frying pan and drain. Serve with butter and Grandpa's honey
APACHE FRIED RABBIT (WILD)

Dress swamp or cotton-tail rabbit. Wash, cut up, cover with water. Cook until about done. Take pieces out of liquid; dust with flour, salt, and fry brown in a skillet of pork-fat. Makes 4 servings
APACHE FRY BREAD

1 c. water
2 1/2 c. flour
1 tsp. baking powder
1 tsp. saltCombine all ingredients; stir into a dough. Roll out about 1/2 inch thick and cut into squares. Fry in deep fat at least 2 inches deep, turning until brown on both sides. This may also be pinched off and patted from hand to hand until formed into rounds. Make about 10 small pieces. Serve with warm refried beans and sprinkle with cheese or green taco sauce.
APACHE GREEN CHILI

3 lb. pork roast
2 (8 oz.) cans tomatoes
2 (4 oz.) cans green chili, chopped
1 (4 oz.) can jalapenos, chopped
1 lg. onion, chopped
1 c. green pepper, chopped
1 garlic clove, chopped
1 tbsp. garlic powder
1 tbsp. cumin powder
1 tbsp. salt & pepper
2/3 to 1 gal. waterBrown meat in a little oil. Heat water, add spices, meat, chilies, onion, etc. (all). Bring to a slow boil. Turn down and simmer 2 to 3 hours. Thicken with flour and water. If you desire more "spice" add picante sauce or more chilies and jalapenos.
I got these recipes from cooks.com



Customs - (SLL-JakobB)


The Apache loved to tell myths and legends. An example is of an old Apache myth called Tar Baby. It goes a little like this. One day a fox was stealing. He was crawling through a small hole in the bottom of the fence. The farmer put a figure made of pitch in the hole. " Get out of the way and let me past," he said. If you want to read on go to Tar Baby . They had a custom called Devil Dancers. They would show up after a dance was performed. No one could see them because they were invisible. They were responsible for alot of racket however.We think they look something like this.
Apache Devil Dancers
Apache Devil Dancers
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The Apache tribe believed that trees and rocks and the wind and other things in nature were their ancestors. They would do Spirit Mountain Dances to their ancestors.

The Apache were one of the few tribes to use a stringed instrument. It is known to make an eerie sound. It was made oddly with one string and a bow.

The Apache indians believed that everything in nature had powers. Some animals were possessed by evil spirits or ghosts. Those animals were bears,owls,and coyotes.

The Apache had a game called toe toss stick. It was played like this. First you need a stick, and then you needed a mark on the ground. You then took a stick and balanced it on your toe. The object was too toss the stick as high as you could and get it too land on the mark. You got points on how high and accurate you were.

The roles of women were to build houses. They also learned to ride and shoot even though it was rare for women to become warrior.
The roles of men were to hunt, battle, and be political leaders. Only men were chiefs. Both genders worked in storytelling,artwork and music, and traditional medicine.



Tool and Weapons - (SLL-Evan)


external image apache%20star1.jpg
Apache Indians were called quiet hunters. They hunted elk, deer, buffalo, and antelope.
The Apache name yuma which comes from fighting men.Even today the name apache is used by
the Navey on there old and new heicopters.Apache transportain was rarlely by
river but more often was by traviois is drag sled.down in the southwest there is
a railway called apache and that is more on there transportain today.the name apache means eneny the apache
men loved to hunt while the women cooked the animal.

Miscellaneous Facts (all group members)


  • The Apaches are known for their baskets, beadwork, sculpture, weaving and silversmithing. Once considered too primitive by contemporary art critics, Apache arts and crafts are now a hot commodity. It is illegal to copy Apache artwork, and this rule should be made for art dealers, artists and consumers.

  • Apache tribes traded with other tribes from the Southwest tribes. Apache tribes traded for corn for agricultural tribes like the Navajo tribes and the Pueblo tribes.

  • Apache artists were famous for making their fine and beautiful beadwork and basketry.