Introduction -(SLL-LexieD)

The Pomo are located along the coast of California. The spoke hokan and penutian. The tribes had a cheif. The word pomo is believed to be derived from pomo. The anthropologosts given the village name at the beggining of the century.

Pomo men killed two abusive American ranchers who had over ran the Mexican onwers. Then the Americans where looking for the men too arest them. When they could not find them they killed the entire village of Pomo men, women, and childern a total of 130 Pomo people.

Habitat/Homes - (SLL-LexieD)

Pomo Habitat
The lived in genial/mud climate. They had deer, elk, rabbit, squirels to hunt. Between the rivers, lakes, and the ocean around them they had plenty of fish clams, mussels, crab, and cray fish to eat.

 this is a wickup
this is a wickup

The Pomo lived in a wickup. The wickup is made of dry grass, dry mud, and poles. Only one family lived in a wickup. The wickup were stationary. The Pomo lived in villages.

Dress - (SLL-MeganB)

The Pomo girls wore Hawaiian type clothes. But the Pomo boys wore no top. The clothes the Pomo wore were made from tule, animal skins, shredded redwood, or willow bark. The men usually went naked. The women wore ankle low skirts, with a mantle tied around their neck. They also made their clothes out of plants, bark, fibers, and threads, but some Pomo men wore loincloths. I’m sure you're wondering what a loincloth is. It’s mostly a piece pf material that is tied to the waist with a belt and hangs between the legs. Although the female Pomo’s wore skirts, they also wore something called a mantle. The mantle was tied around the neck and belted at the waist. It was designed to protect them from rain or cold weather. Some jewelry they often wore was necklaces made of shells, beads, and stones. Pomo wore cerimonial outfits, but these did not have any particular name. The Pomo tribe wore no kind of body paint or make up. They also did not wear anything on their body that required piercings.
This is a young Pomo child
This is a young Pomo child

Food - (OSL - Jack)

The Pomo indians gathered most of their food from plants, such as seeds, nuts, and berries. There also were wild fruit trees and shrubs that provided them food, including the grape. Small animals and fish were a part of their meals. The most important part of their diet was acorns. Fish, deer, and rabbit were the meat they preferred. Other meat they ate were the black bear, elk, wolf, coyote, lynx, salmon, surf fish, mussels, abalone, sea lions, and bulb plants.
Pomo food
Pomo food

Customs -(SLL-MeganB)

The Pomo language is very different from ours. It is a verb "last" language. Which means the word order is backwards from English. If the Pomo were to write "the pond is cold," it would look like this: "Xa-bahten heh xkatchil eh."
One of the very important parts of Pomo life was making money. The way they made money was by making disks (plates) out of clamshell beads. They would sell the disks and earn money for a living. So they were now called the “moneyers” of California. They also had something else they would trade; this was called magnesite (Which in Pomo language was “po”).This was sold mostly by the southeastern Pomo bands.

Tool and Weapons - (OSL-Jack)

Some of the weapons the Pomo used were bow and arrow, throwing stones, and snares. Some of the snares were the spear dread fall and the trip wire dread fall. The spear dread fall was a trap that they made with a little loop and when a animal tried to go through it the trap would be set off. A spear would fall from a rope and stab the animal. The trip wire dread fall had a heavy log that is suspended over a busy game trail, an animal trips over the wire and pulls a retaining bar from under two short pegs secured in a tree trunk.Their weapons were made from bones, stone, and wood. As money and as gifts, beads were produced in large numbers. Most common beads were made from clam shells collected principally at Bodega Bay in Coast Miwok territory. More valuable beads were larger beads of magnesite, known as "Indian gold."The larger and more polished the shells were, the more they were worth.
Arrow points of pomo indians
Arrow points of pomo indians

Miscellaneous Facts - (all group members)

  • The Pomo tribe had a false god who they called the creator. It was believed that he created the world. Many of the Pomo’s equated him with the Coyote, the animal they called a mythological trickster.
  • There were 72 small Pomo tribes.