Introduction - (SLL-CassieK)

The Lakota had reservations in North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Wisconsin. This tribe actually speaks most American English. Their tribe name means the allies. They got that name when they fought in the Battle of the Little Big Horn. Their government is set up so there are 13 political subdivisions. As the years past they started to get more cultural significance than political.
In 1875 the Lakota and Cheyenne left their reservations. They gathered in Montana to fight their lands. In 1876 Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and their army went to fight General George Custer and his army in the Battle of the Little Big Horn. Then, two days later, they took the victory over General George Custer and his army.

This is a group of Lakota people.
This is a group of Lakota people.

Habitat/Homes - (OSL-Tyler)

The Lakota tribes used to live in present day Wisconsin, Minnesota, and North and South Dakota. They lived in buffalo hide tepees that were only12 feet tall. But after horses came along they built bigger and better tepees, because they could carry the larger tepees from place to place. Those tepees could be taken down an less then one hour and ready to move. The climate is mild rain and 80 degrees in the summer and 0 degrees in the winter.
external image Indian%20tepee.jpg

Dress - (SLL-CassieK)

Daily Life
Their clothes were made in honor of their spirits. In daily life men wore breech clothes and leggings buckskin shirts. Women wore long deerskin or elk skin dresses. Everyone including the children wore moccasins. There weren’t many sizes made, one size for women and a size for men. For bad weather they wore buffalo-hide robes. When the Europeans came, they adapted more to their costume. These included vests, cloth dresses, and blanket robes. Everyone’s hair was always long and in braids. They only cut their hair when in mourning.

The Lakota wore mostly the same things for their ceremonies. They only did a few things different. The Chiefs and worriers were well known for the impressive feathered war bonnets. Men wrapped their hair in fur or tied quillwork strips. The biggest change was that in ceremonies they wore body paint. They painted their faces and arms with bright colors and animal designs. They used different patterns for war paint and festive decoration.

Bead work
They were known for their stunning bead work. In bead work they use all kinds of beads. They had to find things they could use for thread and needles until they started trading with the Europeans. Lakota beaded patterns of dogs, butterflies, or flowers. They beaded mostly bags, moccasins, and earrings. Their bead work is beautiful, but it is very time consuming.
 beaded moccasins
beaded moccasins

Food -(SLL-SadieL)

They hunted buffalo,deer,and other animals. They gathered fruits and veggies.Some of the Lakota people grew crops. The Three Sisters were the most important crops such as maize,squash,and beans.A hunter liked to eat the raw liver of an animal as soon as he killed it. Its high nutritious value gave him the energy to hunt the meat and carry it back to his people. The sioux ate meat, corn, and wild berries.

The buffalo was the Sioux Indians' also a source of food. A single buffalo provided a giant amount of meat, the bulls averaging 700 kilograms then the cows averaging 450 kilograms that’s a lot of meat !The meat was sometimes roasted on a spit or broiled in a skin bag with really hot stones. This process also produced a rich delicious and nutritious soup. Also meat might have been hung on green branches over the fire to cook. The Sioux Tribe used the buffalo for many other things like tools and none of the buffalo got wasted.

Customs - (OSL-Tyler)

Souix men and woman had their own roles. The men hunted buffalo. After they killed the buffalo they ate the raw meat. None of the buffalo was left because they use every thing from the buffalo for tools and clothes. The woman had to take care of tepee and take heavy pots with her when they moved.

The Lakota men would stick sticks into their skin. When dancing around, the sticks would rip their skin.
Hollow horn Bare
Hollow horn Bare
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Tool and Weapons - (SLL-SadieL)

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They used their buffalo and other animals bones for, tools, weapons, and ornaments. Plains Style broken swords from the Spanish or cavalry. Lance is a really important weapon arsenal. The Lance is stone tipped weapon hardwood or fore shaft.
They used a double curved bow. They were made to lengthen for each other. They did that so it would be easy to carry.
The Soiux often set controlled fires to herd the animals in to traps. They used in close combat heavy wooded clubs. The soiux later used rifles and pistols which were traded or gained from warfare.Their main battles while riding horses from different tribes. A man was meant to be brave at war but so were women. A good warrior is not afraid to die. The Sioux were brave but were no match for white man diseases and guns.The Indians were skilled at tanning buffalo hides. This would make it easier to make moccasins,leggings,shirts,gloves,jackets,vests,and dresses for themselves.They traveled by walking and riding horses, at first they rode horses.

Miscellaneous Facts - (all group members)

  • In 1876 the most famous Lakota leader Sitting Bull fought General George Custer in the Battle of the Little Big Horn.